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RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK

RESEARCH REPORT ABOUT KYBER NETWORK
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador

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ABSTRACT

In this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.

1.INTRODUCTION

DeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOL

The Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.

1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?

While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.

Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
  1. To be most useful the network needs to be platform-agnostic, which allows any protocol or application the ability to take advantage of the liquidity provided by the Kyber Network without any impact on innovation.
  2. The network was designed to make real-world commerce and decentralized financial products not only possible but also feasible. It does this by allowing for instant token exchange across a wide range of tokens, and without any settlement risk.
  3. The Kyber Network was created with ease of integration as a priority, which is why everything runs fully on-chain and fully transparent. Kyber is not only developer-friendly, but is also compatible with a wide variety of systems.

1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?

Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.

1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?

Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.

1.2 KYBER PROTOCOL

The protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
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1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTS

Kyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.

1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?

Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.

1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVE

Anyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.

1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLES

There Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.

1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADE

A basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.

1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADE

A token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.

2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKEN

Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.

Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.

2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?

The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.

2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?

Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.

2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?

The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.

2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTURE

The goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.

2.5 BUYING & STORING KNC

Those interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.

2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADE

Kyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.

2.7 COMING KYBERDAO

With the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.

2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITY

The design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.

2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATION

Staking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.

3. TRADING

After the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.

4. COMPETITION

The 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.

5.KYBER MILESTONES

• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.

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submitted by CoinEx_Institution to kybernetwork [link] [comments]

Linear Regression following Sentdex's tutorials

Hello. I am trying to do some machine learning on some bitcoin data, specifically linear regression. The full code is here, but in order to plot it on a graph, I want to use the values of y (which is the values of x in 14.5 days time, so price in 14.5 days time) where I use the old actual values of y followed by the new values of y which are the predictions. In order to do this I need to find the values of X which have values for y (the predictions) and the values for x which already have the price in 14.5 days time. I performed a shift on the data, meaning some Xs have values for Y in 14.5 days time and some don't.
Why 14.5 days? As the data set is 1450 days long and I did a 0.01 negative shift. Hopefully I communicated what I was trying to say alright.
import pandas as pd import math import numpy as np from sklearn import preprocessing, svm from sklearn.model_selection import cross_validate from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split from sklearn.linear_model import LinearRegression from statistics import mean import matplotlib.pyplot as plt from matplotlib import style df = pd.read_csv("coinbaseUSD_1-min_data_2014-12-01_to_2019-01-09.csv") df['date'] = pd.to_datetime(df['Timestamp'],unit='s').dt.date print("calculating...") forecast_col = 'Weighted_Price' forecast_out = int(math.ceil(0.01*len(df))) #forecast_out = 20998 = 20998 minutes = 14.5 days df['label'] = df[forecast_col].shift(-forecast_out) df = df[['date', 'Weighted_Price', 'label']] df.dropna(inplace=True) X = np.array(df['Weighted_Price'], dtype = np.float64) y = np.array(df['label'], dtype=np.float64) X_lately = X[-forecast_out:] X = X[:-forecast_out:] def best_fit_line(X, y): m = (((mean(X) * mean(y)) - mean(X*y)) / ((mean(X) * mean(X)) - mean(X*X))) c = mean(y) - (m * (mean(X))) return m, c m, c = best_fit_line(X, y) print(m, c) regression_line = [(m*values) for values in X] plt.scatter(X, y) plt.plot(X, regression_line) plt.show()

So what have I tried? The offender is this line here:
X_lately = X[-forecast_out:] X = X[:-forecast_out:]
That is what sentdex did in the video series, but I get the error: ValueError: operands could not be broadcast together with shapes (1871868,) (1892866,)
This doesn't work with:
m = (((mean(X) * mean(y)) - mean(X*y)) / ((mean(X) * mean(X)) - mean(X*X)))
due to this making the X and Ys different lengths? I'm not sure.
What am I doing wrong?
submitted by EnvironmentalPause5 to learnpython [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For some more great introductory videos check out Andreas Antonopoulos's YouTube playlists, he is probably the best bitcoin educator out there today. Also have to give mention to James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Lots of additional video resources can be found at the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Cex.io
itBit
Bitit
Bitsquare
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[USA-FL] [H] Console games, SNES, NES, Genesis, PSX, Ps2, XBX, GCN, More! [W] PayPal, Crypto, Cash App, Local Cash

Big apologies for dropping off last post - my wife became critically ill, hospital, all kinds of crazy things and Reddit was the last thing on my mind. We've stabilized now and life is back to relative normalcy. Not pity partying, just letting everyone know where I went and why.
////
I am negotiable on price with these, please don't be afraid to offer, and remember, paying with crypto = discount.
Higher quality items coming as soon as today, but as late as Sunday. Going to try my best but I do work all weekend this time also. But short shifts. So this is just a taste of what's coming.
This is a cross post - selling on a couple of other forums as well but thought perhaps this one may have more exposure. Thusly, cross feedback is available on these aforementioned platforms. That said, I understand I am new HERE.
If anyone needs to get ahold of me for any reason pertinent or otherwise, PM me, I am here. Will be adding more soon and will try to evaluate prices, but no guarantee on a timely manner of that, offer if you see something you like. I understand some of the brand new and sealed stuff is better for eBay - but trying here first.
I will consider all offers! Will ship international, worldwide!
Offers entertained and encouraged. Paypal accepted, Bitcoin or major alts strongly preferred.
WTS:
Guides:
https://postimg.cc/xk97rqfk
Half Life 2 - 8 shipped
Killer 7 - 35
Mario Tennis 64 - 15
Metroid Prime/Fusion - 20
Metal Gear Solid Official Mission Handbook - 25
Conker's Bad Fur Day - 40
Banjo-Tooie - 25 shipped
Myst V - 25
Musashi: Samurai Legend - 15
Ultimate Spider Man - 12
Arc the Lad: End of Darkness - 25
PSX:
Alundra 2 - Sealed, 80 shipped.
Beyond the Beyond - Complete, 35 shipped.
DDR Konamix - Complete near mint, 15 shipped.
Dragon Quest VII - Complete (small crack on case otherwise amazing shape, personally owned since launch), - 80
Dragon Quest VII - New/Sealed, 160 shipped
Final Fantasy Origins - Sealed, 60 shipped.
Legend of Legaia - Complete, very good shape - 60
O.D.T. Escape or Die Trying - Complete, 8 shipped.
Persona PSX - Complete - 300 Shipped OBO
Puzzle Star Sweep - Complete, 11 shipped.
Saga Frontier II - Complete, 70 shipped
Tales of Destiny II - Complete/Mint (great shape really) - 150 OBO
Vanguard Bandits PSX - Complete, 150 Shipped
Xenogears PSX - Complete, - 100 Shipped
Ps3:
Resident Evil 5 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Ps2:
Fantavision - New/sealed 18 shipped.
Ultimate Spiderman - Complete, 16 shipped.
Prince of Persia Warrior Within - Complete, 9 shipped.
Super Bust a Move - Complete, 8 shipped.
Tekken Tag Tournament - Complete, 6 shipped.
SSX Tricky - Complete, some scuffing on the case, 12 shipped.
Armored Core 2 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Dynasty Warriors 3 - Complete, 11 shipped.
The Bouncer - New/Sealed, offer.
Dynasty Warriors 4 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Auto Modellista - Brand NEW, 20 shipped.
Jet X20 - Complete, 5 shipped.
Ring of Red - Complete, 19 shipped.
Phantom Brave - New/Sealed, 28 shipped (also have guide which can be worked into the deal somehow).
RPG Maker II - New/Sealed, 40 shipped.
Bombastic - New/sealed, 14 shipped.
Mad Maestro - New/sealed, 12 shipped.
SSX - Complete, 10 shipped.
Dragonball Z: Budokai - Complete, 12 shipped.
Ready 2 Rumble: Round 2 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Kessen - Complete, 6 shipped.
Big Mutha Truckers - Complete, take it.
Guitar Hero - Game / case / manual only, 5 shipped.
Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution - Complete, 7 shipped.
32X:
NBA Jam T.E. - 12 shipped.
Gamecube:
007 Agent Under Fire - Complete, 8 shipped.
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles JPN - Complete, 13 shipped.
Fire Emblem Path of Radiance - New/SEALED, 300 shipped.
Legend of Zelda Master Quest Bonus Disc (Full Ocarina Game/Master Quest game on Gamecube) - New/sealed 90 shipped.
Phantasy Star Online Episode I & II - Complete, 50 shipped.
Resident Evil: CODE Veronica - New/SEALED, 125 shipped ( would consider straight trade for other sealed RE games or something similar)
Spiderman 2 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Star Wars Rogue Squadron: Rebel Strike Preview Disc - Complete, 18 shipped.
Tom Clancey's Splinter Cell - Complete, 10 shipped.
Super Nintendo:
JPN Aladdin - Whatever
JPN NBA Jam - Whatever
MegaMan X - 30 shipped
Pac Man 2 Adventures of Pac Man - 6 shipped.
Populous - 5 shipped.
Super Empire Strikes Back - 10 shipped.
Super Mario World - 14 shipped
Super Mario World - 15 shipped.
Super Return of the Jedi - 12 shipped.
Super Star Wars - 10 shipped.
Taz Mania - 7 shipped.
Genesis:
Aladdin - 10 shipped.
Altered Beast - 7 shipped.
Bernstein Bear: Camping Adventure - 7 shipped.
Chester Cheetah: Too Cool to Fool - 8 shipped.
Desert Demolition (Road RunneCoyote) - 6 shipped.
Ecco the Dolphin - 6 shipped.
Hook - 5 shipped.
Jurassic Park: Rampage Edition - 6 shipped.
Lion King (x2) - 9 shipped.
Maximum Carnage - Red cart, 12 shipped.
Mig-29 Fighter Pilot - 7 shipped.
Mortal Kombat - 6 shipped.
Mystic Defender - 9 shipped.
NBA Jam - 7 shipped.
NFL 98 - 6 shipped.
Olympic Summer Games - 6 shipped.
Power Rangers - 7 shipped.
Road Rash - 18 shipped.
Shadow Dancer The Secret of Shinobi - Tear on label, 8 shipped.
Shining in the Darkness - 18 shipped.
Sonic 2 (x3) - 6 shipped.
Sonic the Hedgehog (x3) - 7 shipped.
Space Harrier II - 11 shipped.
Street Fighter II Special Championship Edition - 9 shipped.
Tecmo Super Bowl - 11 shipped.
Toy Story - 9 shipped.
Virtua Racing - 10 shipped.
WeaponLord - 11 shipped.
Williams Arcade's Greatest Hits - 8 shipped.
Winter Olympic Games - 7 shipped
World of Illusion Starring Donald Duck and Mickey - 10 shipped.
X-Men - 9 shipped.
X-Men -Box/cart - 15 shipped.
NES:
Battle Chess - 8 shipped.
Castlequest - 10 shipped.
Cobra Triangle - 9 shipped.
Double Dragon - 13 shipped.
Double Dragon III - 20 shipped.
Faxanadu - 13 shipped.
Final Fantasy - 20 shipped.
Galaga - 12 shipped.
Ghosts 'N Goblins - 12 shipped.
Hydlide - 7 shipped.
Indiana Jones Temple of Doom (black cart) - 12 shipped
Iron Sword - 6 shipped.
Jeopardy! - 6 shipped.
Legacy of the Wizard - 10 shipped.
Lode Runner - 10 shipped.
Mario 3 - 15 shipped.
Mario Bros / Duck Hunt - 7 shipped.
Monopoly - 7 shipped.
Mystery Quest - 8 shipped.
Renegade - 8 shipped.
Robocop - 7 shipped.
Rolling Thunder - 8 shipped.
Rush 'n Attack - 7 shipped.
Shinobi - 18 shipped.
Strider - 8 shipped.
Super Pitfall - 10 shipped.
T&C Surf Design - 10 shipped.
Tecmo Bowl - 14 shipped.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (x2) - 10 shipped.
The Black Bass - 8 shipped.
Time Lord - 7 shipped.
Yoshi's Cookie - 8 shipped.
Nintendo 64:
JPN Yoshi' Story - 15 shipped.
Lode Runner 3D - 10 shipped.
Mario 64 - 25 shipped
Quest 64 - 15 shipped.
Rogue Squadron (x2) - 15 shipped
Turok Rage Wars Black Cart - 14 shipped
Wave Race - 8 shipped
360:
Assassin's Creed - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Devil May Cry 4 - Complete, 10 shipped.
Halo ODST + Forza 3 Combo - Complete, 12 shipped.
Halo Ultimate Companion DVD (x2) - 10 shipped.
Last Remnant - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Perfect Dark Zero - Complete, 9 shipped.
Rainbow Six: Vegas - Complete, 8 shipped.
Xbox:
Armed and Dangerous - Complete, 10 shipped.
Guilty Gear X2 Reload - Complete, 8 shipped.
Star Wars Clone Wars / Tetris Worlds (x3) - New/Sealed - 25 shipped.
Toejam and Earl III - New/Sealed, offer.
Dreamcast:
NBA 2K1 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Seventh Cross Evolution - Complete, 25 shipped.
Spec Ops II: Omega Squad - Complete, 10 shipped.
Test Drive LE Mans - Complete, 10 shipped.
DS:
Feel the Magic - Used/complete, 9 shipped.
Magnetica - New/sealed 25 shipped
Ping Pals - Complete, 6 shipped.
Touch Detective - New/sealed - 35 shipped
Trace Memory - New/sealed - 40 shipped
Trace Memory - Complete/mint - 20 shipped
Consoles:
https://postimg.cc/gallery/2bxenhwp0/
Just a random quick assortment, but I have many systems from many generations, just let me know what you're after (IE console only, or with hookups, or with controller, etc and I will check my inventory and see what we can work out on a case by case basis.) The majority of console types I have are Genesis, PSX, and Nintendo 64. I have less of the SNES, some NES, and a few other misc like a couple Dreamcasts I think are available.
I'll take PayPal, but I really prefer Bitcoin/Stellar and major altcoins and may be more willing to flex price when receiving crypto.
More coming...
Also, when offering in comments or message, please specify what for of payment as it may have a determination of my response (IE preferring crypto, I may go a little lower than USD and traditional payment gateways).
I think I purged everything I sold so far here and on eBay/forums, should be accurate.
Completed trades thread:
https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/9b0tx7/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread/
https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/c7e290/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread_2/
submitted by GameLiquidator to GameSale [link] [comments]

[USA-FL] [H] Console games, SNES, NES, Genesis, PSX, Ps2, XBX, GCN, More! [W] PayPal, Crypto, Cash App, Local Cash

There will be new stuff coming today, starting with a couple items of this sort, remember I am negotiable. I also added more PSX stuff below:

Zelda Oracle of Ages Brand New/Sealed - 600 Shipped
Zelda Oracle of Seasons Brand New/Sealed - 700 shipped
Or Both for 1200 Shipped.

I am negotiable on price with these, please don't be afraid to offer, and remember, paying with crypto = discount.
Higher quality items coming as soon as today, but as late as Sunday. Going to try my best but I do work all weekend this time also. But short shifts. So this is just a taste of what's coming.

This is a cross post - selling on a couple of other forums as well but thought perhaps this one may have more exposure. Thusly, cross feedback is available on these aforementioned platforms. That said, I understand I am new HERE.
If anyone needs to get ahold of me for any reason pertinent or otherwise, PM me, I am here. Will be adding more soon and will try to evaluate prices, but no guarantee on a timely manner of that, offer if you see something you like. I understand some of the brand new and sealed stuff is better for eBay - but trying here first.
I will consider all offers! Will ship international, worldwide!
Offers entertained and encouraged. Paypal accepted, Bitcoin or major alts strongly preferred.
WTS:

Guides:
https://postimg.cc/xk97rqfk
Half Life 2 - 8 shipped
Killer 7 - 35
Mario Tennis 64 - 15
Metroid Prime/Fusion - 20
Metal Gear Solid Official Mission Handbook - 25
Conker's Bad Fur Day - 40
Banjo-Tooie - 25 shipped
Myst V - 25
Musashi: Samurai Legend - 15
Ultimate Spider Man - 12
Arc the Lad: End of Darkness - 25

PSX:
Alundra 2 - Sealed, 80 shipped.
Beyond the Beyond - Complete, 35 shipped.
DDR Konamix - Complete near mint, 15 shipped.
Dragon Quest VII - Complete (small crack on case otherwise amazing shape, personally owned since launch), - 80
Dragon Quest VII - New/Sealed, 160 shipped
Final Fantasy Origins - Sealed, 60 shipped.
Legend of Legaia - Complete, very good shape - 60
O.D.T. Escape or Die Trying - Complete, 8 shipped.
Persona PSX - Complete - 300 Shipped OBO
Puzzle Star Sweep - Complete, 11 shipped.
Saga Frontier II - Complete, 70 shipped
Tales of Destiny II - Complete/Mint (great shape really) - 150 OBO
Vanguard Bandits PSX - Complete, 150 Shipped
Xenogears PSX - Complete, - 100 Shipped
Ps3:
Resident Evil 5 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Ps2:
Fantavision - New/sealed 18 shipped.
Ultimate Spiderman - Complete, 16 shipped.
Prince of Persia Warrior Within - Complete, 9 shipped.
Super Bust a Move - Complete, 8 shipped.
Tekken Tag Tournament - Complete, 6 shipped.
SSX Tricky - Complete, some scuffing on the case, 12 shipped.
Armored Core 2 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Dynasty Warriors 3 - Complete, 11 shipped.
The Bouncer - New/Sealed, offer.
Dynasty Warriors 4 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Auto Modellista - Complete, 7 shipped.
Jet X20 - Complete, 5 shipped.
Ring of Red - Complete, 19 shipped.
Phantom Brave - New/Sealed, 28 shipped (also have guide which can be worked into the deal somehow).
RPG Maker II - New/Sealed, 40 shipped.
Bombastic - New/sealed, 14 shipped.
Mad Maestro - New/sealed, 12 shipped.
SSX - Complete, 10 shipped.
Dragonball Z: Budokai - Complete, 12 shipped.
Ready 2 Rumble: Round 2 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Kessen - Complete, 6 shipped.
Big Mutha Truckers - Complete, take it.
Guitar Hero - Game / case / manual only, 5 shipped.
Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution - Complete, 7 shipped.
32X:
NBA Jam T.E. - 12 shipped.
Gamecube:
007 Agent Under Fire - Complete, 8 shipped.
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles JPN - Complete, 13 shipped.
Fire Emblem Path of Radiance - New/SEALED, 300 shipped.
Legend of Zelda Master Quest Bonus Disc (Full Ocarina Game/Master Quest game on Gamecube) - New/sealed 90 shipped.
Phantasy Star Online Episode I & II - Complete, 50 shipped.
Resident Evil: CODE Veronica - New/SEALED, 125 shipped ( would consider straight trade for other sealed RE games or something similar)
Spiderman 2 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Star Wars Rogue Squadron: Rebel Strike Preview Disc - Complete, 18 shipped.
Tom Clancey's Splinter Cell - Complete, 10 shipped.
Super Nintendo:
Final Fantasy Mystic Quest - 18 shipped.
JPN Aladdin - Whatever
JPN NBA Jam - Whatever
MegaMan X - 30 shipped
Pac Man 2 Adventures of Pac Man - 6 shipped.
Populous - 5 shipped.
Super Empire Strikes Back - 10 shipped.
Super Mario World - 14 shipped
Super Mario World - 15 shipped.
Super Return of the Jedi - 12 shipped.
Super Star Wars - 10 shipped.
Taz Mania - 7 shipped.
Genesis:
Aladdin - 10 shipped.
Altered Beast - 7 shipped.
Bernstein Bear: Camping Adventure - 7 shipped.
Chester Cheetah: Too Cool to Fool - 8 shipped.
Desert Demolition (Road RunneCoyote) - 6 shipped.
Ecco the Dolphin - 6 shipped.
Hook - 5 shipped.
Jurassic Park: Rampage Edition - 6 shipped.
Lion King (x2) - 9 shipped.
Maximum Carnage - Red cart, 12 shipped.
Mig-29 Fighter Pilot - 7 shipped.
Mortal Kombat - 6 shipped.
Mystic Defender - 9 shipped.
NBA Jam - 7 shipped.
NFL 98 - 6 shipped.
Olympic Summer Games - 6 shipped.
Power Rangers - 7 shipped.
Road Rash - 18 shipped.
Shadow Dancer The Secret of Shinobi - Tear on label, 8 shipped.
Shining in the Darkness - 18 shipped.
Sonic 2 (x3) - 6 shipped.
Sonic the Hedgehog (x3) - 7 shipped.
Space Harrier II - 11 shipped.
Street Fighter II Special Championship Edition - 9 shipped.
Tecmo Super Bowl - 11 shipped.
Toy Story - 9 shipped.
Virtua Racing - 10 shipped.
WeaponLord - 11 shipped.
Williams Arcade's Greatest Hits - 8 shipped.
Winter Olympic Games - 7 shipped
World of Illusion Starring Donald Duck and Mickey - 10 shipped.
X-Men - 9 shipped.
X-Men -Box/cart - 15 shipped.
NES:
Battle Chess - 8 shipped.
Castlequest - 10 shipped.
Classic Concentration - 8 shipped.
Cobra Triangle - 9 shipped.
Double Dragon - 13 shipped.
Double Dragon III - 20 shipped.
Faxanadu - 13 shipped.
Final Fantasy - 20 shipped.
Galaga - 12 shipped.
Gauntlet II - 13 shipped.
Ghosts 'N Goblins - 12 shipped.
Hydlide - 7 shipped.
Indiana Jones Temple of Doom (black cart) - 12 shipped
Iron Sword - 6 shipped.
Jeopardy! - 6 shipped.
Legacy of the Wizard - 10 shipped.
Lode Runner - 10 shipped.
Mario 3 - 15 shipped.
Mario Bros / Duck Hunt - 7 shipped.
Mission Impossible - 7 shipped.
Monopoly - 7 shipped.
Mystery Quest - 8 shipped.
Renegade - 8 shipped.
Robocop - 7 shipped.
Rolling Thunder - 8 shipped.
Rush 'n Attack - 7 shipped.
Shinobi - 18 shipped.
Strider - 8 shipped.
Super Pitfall - 10 shipped.
T&C Surf Design - 10 shipped.
Tecmo Bowl - 14 shipped.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (x2) - 10 shipped.
The Black Bass - 8 shipped.
Time Lord - 7 shipped.
Yoshi's Cookie - 8 shipped.
Nintendo 64:
Army Men: Sarge's Heroes - 12 shipped.
JPN Yoshi' Story - 15 shipped.
Lego Racers - 15 shipped
Lode Runner 3D - 10 shipped.
Mario 64 - 25 shipped
Quest 64 - 15 shipped.
Rogue Squadron (x2) - 15 shipped
Turok Rage Wars Black Cart - 14 shipped
Wave Race - 8 shipped
360:
Assassin's Creed - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Devil May Cry 4 - Complete, 10 shipped.
Halo ODST + Forza 3 Combo - Complete, 12 shipped.
Halo Ultimate Companion DVD (x2) - 10 shipped.
Last Remnant - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Perfect Dark Zero - Complete, 9 shipped.
Rainbow Six: Vegas - Complete, 8 shipped.
Xbox:
Armed and Dangerous - Complete, 10 shipped.
Guilty Gear X2 Reload - Complete, 8 shipped.
Star Wars Clone Wars / Tetris Worlds (x3) - New/Sealed - 25 shipped.
Toejam and Earl III - New/Sealed, offer.
Dreamcast:
NBA 2K1 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Seventh Cross Evolution - Complete, 25 shipped.
Spec Ops II: Omega Squad - Complete, 10 shipped.
Test Drive LE Mans - Complete, 10 shipped.
DS:
Feel the Magic - Used/complete, 9 shipped.
Magnetica - New/sealed 25 shipped
Ping Pals - Complete, 6 shipped.
Touch Detective - New/sealed - 35 shipped
Trace Memory - New/sealed - 40 shipped
Trace Memory - Complete/mint - 20 shipped

Consoles:
https://postimg.cc/gallery/2bxenhwp0/
Just a random quick assortment, but I have many systems from many generations, just let me know what you're after (IE console only, or with hookups, or with controller, etc and I will check my inventory and see what we can work out on a case by case basis.)
I'll take PayPal, but I really prefer Bitcoin/Stellar and major altcoins and may be more willing to flex price when receiving crypto.
More coming...
Also, when offering in comments or message, please specify what for of payment as it may have a determination of my response (IE preferring crypto, I may go a little lower than USD and traditional payment gateways).
I think I purged everything I sold so far here and on eBay/forums, should be accurate.
Completed trades thread:
https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/9b0tx7/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread/

https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/c7e290/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread_2/
submitted by GameLiquidator to GameSale [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Some great introductions for new users are My first bitcoin, Bitcoin explained and ELI5 Bitcoin. Also, the following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
Also have to give mention to Lopp.net, the Princeton crypto series and James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series. Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found at the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute. Bitcoin statistics can be found here, here and here. Developer resources can be found here, here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. Potential upcoming protocol improvements here. Scaling resources here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here (LOL!), and of course Satoshi Nakamoto's whitepaper that started it all! :)
Key properties of bitcoin

Where can I buy bitcoins?

Bitcoin.org, BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com and Howtobuybitcoin.io are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Gemini Bitstamp LocalBitcoins
Bitstamp Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
BitFinex Cex.io LibertyX
Cex.io CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo Spectrocoin BitcoinOTC
Kraken Luno BitQuick
itBit
HitBTC
Bitit
Bisq (decentralized)
Luno
Spectrocoin
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Samouari BreadWallet Electrum
Another interesting use case for physical storage/transfer is the Opendime. Opendime is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin by physically passing it along so it's anonymous and tangible like cash.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

Check out spendabit or bitcoin directory for some good options, some of the more commons ones are listed below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, Games Planet, itch.io, g2g and kinguin For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, Overstock, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Menufy, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun For new domain name registration
Stampnik Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Streamium.io, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream, Rootstock and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bisq Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $10000 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

I tried to mine some Bitcoins and I think I might have unglued the fabric of the universe.

A little help?
I’m a research assistant working at a science facility in China. We’ve got one of the most powerful supercomputers in the world. We had to power it down a few months back to do some upgrades, and we’ve got a skeleton crew until it’s all done. Last night, my friend Chen and I were the only ones on the overnight shift. The majority of the hardware was up and running and we were supposed to be stress testing the nodes.
We had software we were required to run, but I had the bright idea to mine Bitcoins to test it instead. God knows those calculations can stress your hardware.
It didn’t take much convincing to get Chen on board with the idea. If we could make a little extra money on the side from our endeavor, it was that much better. Besides, we could run the regular software after.
Chen downloaded the blockchain, installed everything, and we started processing. Lo and behold, BTC fractions started rolling in. It was way faster than either of us had expected. After an hour, we’d made a couple hundred USD. This supercomputer is something else. Adiabatic quantum emulation, baby. Not quite full QC, but close enough where it matters. When the upgrades go public, you’ll know what I’m talking about.
All that said...I think we fucked something up.
We were well on our way to our first thousand USD when Chen noticed one of the temperature gauges on a series of node clusters had reached a critical level. Now, each node is set to shut down automatically if anything is running in a manner that might damage the hardware. When stress testing, it’s expected that temperatures will get high enough to cause warnings.
The weird thing was, the warning wasn’t because the temperature was too high. It was too low.
We both looked at the screen with a good deal of confusion. All the nodes were pegging near their maximum temperatures except a cluster in the very rear corner of the football-field-sized room.
“Are those nodes on?” I asked Chen.
He nodded. “Yeah, they’re doing just as much work as all the other ones. They should be hot.”
“Maybe the gauges are fucked?”
“Maybe. I’ll go take a look.”
Chen grabbed a walkie-talkie and started the long walk from the office to the far-end of the supercomputer room.
I watched the screen readouts with interest. The temperature in that area kept dropping. Another few degrees and the nodes would power down.
“It’s fuckin freezing in here,” Chen complained over the walkie-talkie.
“You worked in a datacenter for six years, retard,” I replied. “You know it’s supposed to be cold.”
“I know, dick. But this is different. Like I think something’s really wrong. There’s frost on the floor.”
I took another look at the readouts. Despite the supercomputer operating at 99.997% capacity, all the temperature gauges had started to drop. A flash of red showed up on screen. The first nodes to be affected by the cold had shut down.
“Keung, you need to come in here,” Chen said.
“Why, what’s up?”
“Just come see. And shut down the mining for a minute.” Chen paused. “And bring your jacket.”
I gazed lustfully at the BTC readout. $2443 already. I sighed and hit pause. I went to grab my jacket and decided against it. I wanted to call Chen a pussy for being cold.
After three steps into the supercomputer room, I realized Chen was not a pussy. Or that we both were pussies. Either way, it was fucking freezing in there.
“Holy shit!” Chen yelled.
I broke into a jog and met him on the far end of the cavernous room.
“What?” I asked. I shivered and balled my fists under my armpits.
Chen pointed. I followed his finger with my eyes and squinted to see better in the dimness. It took a second, but then I saw it. Hugging the wall around the corner from a server rack was...well...a hole.
“What the fuck?” I muttered. I took a step closer. The cold was borderline unbearable. It was definitely coming from the bizarre opening. Frigid wind washed over us and forced us to step back.
On the other side of the hole, there was gray, stony ground and pitch black sky dotted with stars.
“What did we just do?” Chen asked.
“Did we cause this to happen?” I replied. “Like what the fuck is going on?”
The hole was closing. I think Chen was about to respond, but before he could, some...thing... emerged from the hole.
We both shrieked and leapt back. Chen fell into the back of one of the racks and I heard a piece of equipment snap. I didn’t care about that. My eyes were trained on whatever had just come out.
It was dull red and shaped like, oh hell, I don’t know, a mix between a pineapple and a crocodile with eye stalks all over its back.
Chen and I, our breaths held, tried to back away to avoid its attention. The creature’s eye stalks waved around in the air, as if trying to figure out what had happened. Behind it, the hole closed.
I grabbed the back of Chen’s shirt and pulled him to his feet. The thing’s stalks fixated on us. We stopped moving. It took a few steps in our direction on its six, pointy legs. Then it leapt forward. Onto Chen.
Chen made a sound I’d only previously associated with cats fighting for their lives. He grasped the dog-sized thing and pushed it away. It crashed into a rack of machines.
I pulled Chen away and we ran as fast as we could back to the control room. Despite my terror-induced tunnel vision, I didn’t fail to notice another hole in supercomputer room. This time in the ceiling. And another one of those things was coming out of it.
Once we were out, we had no idea what to do. Chen wanted to call the head of the supercomputing project but I talked him out of it. That guy had connections to the Party and, technically, the whole project is a government-run operation. We’d be fucked beyond fucked.
I helped bandage Chen’s wounds. Every so often, we’d catch a glimpse of one of the creatures in the monitors overlooking the supercomputer room.
After a discussion, Chen and I left without telling anyone what we'd done. We didn’t go home because we knew people would be looking for us as soon as they discovered what had happened. We got in his car and drove for hours.
Now we’re sitting in an internet cafe. The scratches on his hands and arms aren’t closing up. They’re getting puffy and itchy. He just told me he thinks he felt something move under his skin.
Our phones wouldn’t stop ringing before I pulled out the SIMs and flushed them. Now we’re stuck here and we don’t know what to do. To say I’m concerned is a bit of an understatement. I’d really love some advice.
submitted by iia to nosleep [link] [comments]

/r/Bitcoin FAQ - Newcomers please read

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
The following videos are a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
For lots of additional video resources check out the videos wiki page or /BitcoinTV.
Key properties of bitcoin
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found here. Bitcoin statistics can be found here and here. Developer resources can be found here and here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here. The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here. Scaling resources here, and of course the whitepaper that started it all.

Where can I buy bitcoins?

BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com is a very helpful site for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also, check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Bank Transfer Credit / Debit card Cash
Coinbase Coinbase LocalBitcoins
Gemini Bitstamp LibertyX
GDAX Bitit Mycelium LocalTrader
Bitstamp Cex.io BitQuick
Kraken CoinMama WallofCoins
Xapo BitcoinOTC
Cex.io
itBit
Bitit
Bitsquare
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Cashila or Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Android iOs Desktop
Mycelium BreadWallet Electrum
CoPay AirBitz Armory
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account, usually from a text message or app, making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy
Android Android
iOS iOS

Where can I spend bitcoins?

A more comprehensive list can be found at the Trade FAQ but some more commons ones are below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Steam, HumbleBundle, GreenmanGaming, and Coinplay.io For when you need to get your game on
Microsoft Xbox games, phone apps and software
Spendabit, The Bitcoin Shop, Overstock, Rakuten, DuoSearch, The Bitcoin Directory and BazaarBay Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg, TigerDirect and Dell For all your electronics needs
Cashila, Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, Pey.de, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Hyphen.to, Coinsfer, GetPaidinBitcoin, Coins.co.th, More #1, #2 Bill payment
Foodler, Takeaway, Thuisbezorgd NL, Pizza For Coins Takeout delivered to your door!
Expedia, Cheapair, Lot, Destinia, BTCTrip, Abitsky, SkyTours, Fluege the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
BoltVM, BitHost VPS service
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap For new domain name registration
Stampnik and GetUSPS Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Reddit Gold Premium membership which can be gifted to others
Coinmap, 99Bitcoins and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations, such as Wikipedia, Red Cross, Amnesty International, United Way, ACLU and the EFF. You can find a longer list here.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. Bitseed is an easy option for getting set up. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
Bitwage, XBTfreelancer, Cryptogrind, Bitlancerr, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, Rein Project Freelancing
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
Watchmybit, Streamium.io, OTika.tv, XOtika.tv NSFW, /GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Video Streaming
Bitasker, BitforTip, WillPayCoin Tasks
Supload.com, SatoshiBox, JoyStream, File Army File/Image Sharing
CoinAd, A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins)

Bitcoin Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network, Amiko Pay, and Strawpay Payment channels for network scaling
Blockstream and Drivechain Sidechains
21, Inc. Open source library for the machine payable web
ShapeShift.io Trade between bitcoins and altcoins easily
Open Transactions, Counterparty, Omni, Open Assets, Symbiont and Chain Financial asset platforms
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Mirror Smart contracts
Mediachain Decentralized media library
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
Samourai and Dark Wallet - abandoned Privacy-enhancing wallets
JoinMarket CoinJoin implementation (Increase privacy and/or Earn interest on bitcoin holdings)
Coinffeine and Bitsquare Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase and Bitrated Identity & Reputation management
Bitmesh and Telehash Mesh networking
JoyStream BitTorrent client with paid seeding
MORPHiS Decentralized, encrypted internet
Storj and Sia Decentralized file storage
Streamium and Faradam Pay in real time for on-demand services
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
bitSIM PIN secure hardware token between SIM & Phone
Identifi Decentralized address book w/ ratings system
Coinometrics Institutional-level Bitcoin Data & Research
Blocktrail and BitGo Multisig bitcoin API
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library
Insight Open source blockchain API
Leet Kill your friends and take their money ;)

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin SI unit for milli i.e. millilitre (mL) or millimetre (mm)
microbitcoin μBTC 1,000,000 per bitcoin SI unit for micro i.e microlitre (μL) or micrometre (μm)
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin Colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin Smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $500 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit. A complete list of bitcoin related subreddits can be found here
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BinaryResult to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[USA-FL] [H] Console games, SNES, NES, Genesis, PSX, Ps2, XBX, GCN, More! [W] PayPal, Crypto, Cash App, Local Cash

There will be new stuff coming today, starting with a couple items of this sort, remember I am negotiable. I also added more PSX stuff below:
I am negotiable on price with these, please don't be afraid to offer, and remember, paying with crypto = discount.
Higher quality items coming as soon as today, but as late as Sunday. Going to try my best but I do work all weekend this time also. But short shifts. So this is just a taste of what's coming.
This is a cross post - selling on a couple of other forums as well but thought perhaps this one may have more exposure. Thusly, cross feedback is available on these aforementioned platforms. That said, I understand I am new HERE.
If anyone needs to get ahold of me for any reason pertinent or otherwise, PM me, I am here. Will be adding more soon and will try to evaluate prices, but no guarantee on a timely manner of that, offer if you see something you like. I understand some of the brand new and sealed stuff is better for eBay - but trying here first.
I will consider all offers! Will ship international, worldwide!
Offers entertained and encouraged. Paypal accepted, Bitcoin or major alts strongly preferred.
WTS:
Guides:
https://postimg.cc/xk97rqfk
Half Life 2 - 8 shipped
Killer 7 - 35
Mario Tennis 64 - 15
Metroid Prime/Fusion - 20
Metal Gear Solid Official Mission Handbook - 25
Conker's Bad Fur Day - 40
Banjo-Tooie - 25 shipped
Myst V - 25
Musashi: Samurai Legend - 15
Ultimate Spider Man - 12
Arc the Lad: End of Darkness - 25
PSX:
Alundra 2 - Sealed, 80 shipped.
Beyond the Beyond - Complete, 35 shipped.
DDR Konamix - Complete near mint, 15 shipped.
Dragon Quest VII - Complete (small crack on case otherwise amazing shape, personally owned since launch), - 80
Dragon Quest VII - New/Sealed, 160 shipped
Final Fantasy Origins - Sealed, 60 shipped.
Legend of Legaia - Complete, very good shape - 60
O.D.T. Escape or Die Trying - Complete, 8 shipped.
Persona PSX - Complete - 300 Shipped OBO
Puzzle Star Sweep - Complete, 11 shipped.
Saga Frontier II - Complete, 70 shipped
Tales of Destiny II - Complete/Mint (great shape really) - 150 OBO
Vanguard Bandits PSX - Complete, 150 Shipped
Xenogears PSX - Complete, - 100 Shipped
Ps3:
Resident Evil 5 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Ps2:
Fantavision - New/sealed 18 shipped.
Ultimate Spiderman - Complete, 16 shipped.
Prince of Persia Warrior Within - Complete, 9 shipped.
Super Bust a Move - Complete, 8 shipped.
Tekken Tag Tournament - Complete, 6 shipped.
SSX Tricky - Complete, some scuffing on the case, 12 shipped.
Armored Core 2 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Dynasty Warriors 3 - Complete, 11 shipped.
The Bouncer - New/Sealed, offer.
Dynasty Warriors 4 - Complete, 8 shipped.
Auto Modellista - Complete, 7 shipped.
Jet X20 - Complete, 5 shipped.
Ring of Red - Complete, 19 shipped.
Phantom Brave - New/Sealed, 28 shipped (also have guide which can be worked into the deal somehow).
RPG Maker II - New/Sealed, 40 shipped.
Bombastic - New/sealed, 14 shipped.
Mad Maestro - New/sealed, 12 shipped.
SSX - Complete, 10 shipped.
Dragonball Z: Budokai - Complete, 12 shipped.
Ready 2 Rumble: Round 2 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Kessen - Complete, 6 shipped.
Big Mutha Truckers - Complete, take it.
Guitar Hero - Game / case / manual only, 5 shipped.
Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution - Complete, 7 shipped.
32X:
NBA Jam T.E. - 12 shipped.
Gamecube:
007 Agent Under Fire - Complete, 8 shipped.
Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles JPN - Complete, 13 shipped.
Fire Emblem Path of Radiance - New/SEALED, 300 shipped.
Legend of Zelda Master Quest Bonus Disc (Full Ocarina Game/Master Quest game on Gamecube) - New/sealed 90 shipped.
Phantasy Star Online Episode I & II - Complete, 50 shipped.
Resident Evil: CODE Veronica - New/SEALED, 125 shipped ( would consider straight trade for other sealed RE games or something similar)
Spiderman 2 - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Star Wars Rogue Squadron: Rebel Strike Preview Disc - Complete, 18 shipped.
Tom Clancey's Splinter Cell - Complete, 10 shipped.
Super Nintendo:
JPN Aladdin - Whatever
JPN NBA Jam - Whatever
MegaMan X - 30 shipped
Pac Man 2 Adventures of Pac Man - 6 shipped.
Populous - 5 shipped.
Super Empire Strikes Back - 10 shipped.
Super Mario World - 14 shipped
Super Mario World - 15 shipped.
Super Return of the Jedi - 12 shipped.
Super Star Wars - 10 shipped.
Taz Mania - 7 shipped.
Genesis:
Aladdin - 10 shipped.
Altered Beast - 7 shipped.
Bernstein Bear: Camping Adventure - 7 shipped.
Chester Cheetah: Too Cool to Fool - 8 shipped.
Desert Demolition (Road RunneCoyote) - 6 shipped.
Ecco the Dolphin - 6 shipped.
Hook - 5 shipped.
Jurassic Park: Rampage Edition - 6 shipped.
Lion King (x2) - 9 shipped.
Maximum Carnage - Red cart, 12 shipped.
Mig-29 Fighter Pilot - 7 shipped.
Mortal Kombat - 6 shipped.
Mystic Defender - 9 shipped.
NBA Jam - 7 shipped.
NFL 98 - 6 shipped.
Olympic Summer Games - 6 shipped.
Power Rangers - 7 shipped.
Road Rash - 18 shipped.
Shadow Dancer The Secret of Shinobi - Tear on label, 8 shipped.
Shining in the Darkness - 18 shipped.
Sonic 2 (x3) - 6 shipped.
Sonic the Hedgehog (x3) - 7 shipped.
Space Harrier II - 11 shipped.
Street Fighter II Special Championship Edition - 9 shipped.
Tecmo Super Bowl - 11 shipped.
Toy Story - 9 shipped.
Virtua Racing - 10 shipped.
WeaponLord - 11 shipped.
Williams Arcade's Greatest Hits - 8 shipped.
Winter Olympic Games - 7 shipped
World of Illusion Starring Donald Duck and Mickey - 10 shipped.
X-Men - 9 shipped.
X-Men -Box/cart - 15 shipped.
NES:
Battle Chess - 8 shipped.
Castlequest - 10 shipped.
Cobra Triangle - 9 shipped.
Double Dragon - 13 shipped.
Double Dragon III - 20 shipped.
Faxanadu - 13 shipped.
Final Fantasy - 20 shipped.
Galaga - 12 shipped.
Ghosts 'N Goblins - 12 shipped.
Hydlide - 7 shipped.
Indiana Jones Temple of Doom (black cart) - 12 shipped
Iron Sword - 6 shipped.
Jeopardy! - 6 shipped.
Legacy of the Wizard - 10 shipped.
Lode Runner - 10 shipped.
Mario 3 - 15 shipped.
Mario Bros / Duck Hunt - 7 shipped.
Monopoly - 7 shipped.
Mystery Quest - 8 shipped.
Renegade - 8 shipped.
Robocop - 7 shipped.
Rolling Thunder - 8 shipped.
Rush 'n Attack - 7 shipped.
Shinobi - 18 shipped.
Strider - 8 shipped.
Super Pitfall - 10 shipped.
T&C Surf Design - 10 shipped.
Tecmo Bowl - 14 shipped.
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (x2) - 10 shipped.
The Black Bass - 8 shipped.
Time Lord - 7 shipped.
Yoshi's Cookie - 8 shipped.
Nintendo 64:
JPN Yoshi' Story - 15 shipped.
Lode Runner 3D - 10 shipped.
Mario 64 - 25 shipped
Quest 64 - 15 shipped.
Rogue Squadron (x2) - 15 shipped
Turok Rage Wars Black Cart - 14 shipped
Wave Race - 8 shipped
360:
Assassin's Creed - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Devil May Cry 4 - Complete, 10 shipped.
Halo ODST + Forza 3 Combo - Complete, 12 shipped.
Halo Ultimate Companion DVD (x2) - 10 shipped.
Last Remnant - Used, complete, 10 shipped.
Perfect Dark Zero - Complete, 9 shipped.
Rainbow Six: Vegas - Complete, 8 shipped.
Xbox:
Armed and Dangerous - Complete, 10 shipped.
Guilty Gear X2 Reload - Complete, 8 shipped.
Star Wars Clone Wars / Tetris Worlds (x3) - New/Sealed - 25 shipped.
Toejam and Earl III - New/Sealed, offer.
Dreamcast:
NBA 2K1 - Complete, 6 shipped.
Seventh Cross Evolution - Complete, 25 shipped.
Spec Ops II: Omega Squad - Complete, 10 shipped.
Test Drive LE Mans - Complete, 10 shipped.
DS:
Feel the Magic - Used/complete, 9 shipped.
Magnetica - New/sealed 25 shipped
Ping Pals - Complete, 6 shipped.
Touch Detective - New/sealed - 35 shipped
Trace Memory - New/sealed - 40 shipped
Trace Memory - Complete/mint - 20 shipped
Consoles:
https://postimg.cc/gallery/2bxenhwp0/
Just a random quick assortment, but I have many systems from many generations, just let me know what you're after (IE console only, or with hookups, or with controller, etc and I will check my inventory and see what we can work out on a case by case basis.) The majority of console types I have are Genesis, PSX, and Nintendo 64. I have less of the SNES, some NES, and a few other misc like a couple Dreamcasts I think are available.

I'll take PayPal, but I really prefer Bitcoin/Stellar and major altcoins and may be more willing to flex price when receiving crypto.
More coming...
Also, when offering in comments or message, please specify what for of payment as it may have a determination of my response (IE preferring crypto, I may go a little lower than USD and traditional payment gateways).
I think I purged everything I sold so far here and on eBay/forums, should be accurate.
Completed trades thread:
https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/9b0tx7/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread/
https://www.reddit.com/mushroomkingdom/comments/c7e290/ugameliquidator_completed_sale_thread_2/
submitted by GameLiquidator to GameSale [link] [comments]

US Congressman Tom Emmer announced late Friday that he will introduce a trio of cryptocurrency and blockchain related bills as cryptocurrencies fell lower this weekend after posting significant gains last week

Crypto News

Sources:
https://bitcoinist.com/weiss-ratings-bitcoin-lose-ethereum/ https://www.coindesk.com/brazils-largest-independent-broker-is-launching-a-crypto-exchange/ https://www.ccn.com/brazils-biggest-brokerage-processes-bitcoin-trades-govt-supportive/ https://www.coindesk.com/the-latest-bitcoin-bug-was-so-bad-developers-kept-its-full-details-a-secret/ https://www.coindesk.com/when-blockchains-go-down-why-crypto-outages-are-on-the-rise/ https://cointelegraph.com/news/dubai-department-of-finance-launches-blockchain-based-payment-system-for-uae-govt https://bitcoinist.com/dubai-is-building-a-blockchain-powered-government/ https://www.ccn.com/indian-authorities-round-up-on-bitcoin-scammers-properties-worth-60-million/ https://cointelegraph.com/news/icelands-industry-to-shift-from-crypto-mining-to-pure-blockchain-business-insiders-say https://www.coindesk.com/momentum-is-building-to-block-ethereum-asics/ https://cointelegraph.com/news/icelands-industry-to-shift-from-crypto-mining-to-pure-blockchain-business-insiders-say https://www.coindesk.com/us-congressman-drafts-bills-to-aid-blockchain-development/ https://cointelegraph.com/news/opera-launches-beta-labs-version-of-built-in-crypto-wallet-for-desktop-browser https://cointelegraph.com/news/us-congressman-to-introduce-bills-supporting-blockchain-technology-cryptocurrencies
submitted by QuantalyticsResearch to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

ShapeShift Free Cryptocurrency Trading Review & Bitcoin Giveaway How To Switch From Different Cryptocurrencies How to use Shapeshift to exchange bitcoin? - YouTube ShapeShift Membership  How It Works Debt Crisis in 5 Years: Time to Buy Bitcoin?  ShapeShift ...

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ShapeShift Free Cryptocurrency Trading Review & Bitcoin Giveaway

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